Globalization and its impact on global health: A critical analysis

Question

The impact of globalization on health

Globalization is both a cause and a cure for global health problems Critically evaluate this claim with theory, research and evidence.

Answer

Globalization is considered as the process of interacting with business, technology, information, people and information that can improve the economy (Beck, 2018). Globalization benefits the whole society and country through economic and social globalization. Globalization increases knowledge and resources that promote information and allow free trade. It has significantly affected global health problems and caused the emergence of a number of diseases. Furthermore, globalization addresses global health problems (Hirst, et al., 2015). Here, the essay discussed globalization and how it causes and cures global health problems. The trial is supported by relevant globalization theories that help determine the impact on health problems.

Globalization has been an important aspect of the nation that brings productivity to the nation’s economy. It has had a positive impact on global health as it offers several types of technologies and resources that can be helpful in healing an individual’s health (Rinella & Charlton, 2016). This can be understood from the liberalization of globalization theory, which states that globalization brings liberalization to technological progress, economic welfare, and political freedom. The theory is that the country’s free economy is the engine of economic growth (Hovden & Keene, 2016). In particular, this economic growth has led to an increased ability to improve health through various devices as a result of technological advancements and worldwide exchange of information.

In addition, it can be seen from the fact that due to liberal economic, technological and infrastructural changes have resulted in more treatment options for people and addressing specific health problems caused by trends. global and large-scale sharing interaction. . information (Forster, et al., 2019). Furthermore, globalization has produced dramatic growth in health outcomes. Due to the rapid sharing of information due to the rapid advancement of technology, the economic structure of the country is increasing as rural people have access to communication technology, making people aware of the health problems more easily. road. Globalization affects economic growth and overall national development through the transfer of information and knowledge and improves health through free trade. In addition, technology is leading to an increase in knowledge and access to data that can make people aware of diseases and health problems (Soper & Emmelin, 2016). Good health is seen as the main goal of the nation, where communication criteria and constantly improving knowledge can move the country forward. It can let the country solve the health problem more conveniently.

Liberal theory of globalization and its impact on health

Therefore, applying the theory of liberal globalization, it can be seen that due to the free exchange of information, it is easier for people to identify the determinants of health as the main cause of health services. healthy (Turner & Holton, 2015). Due to the free flow of information across national borders, information can easily be manipulated and shared across the country. Medical expertise has also increased due to the rapid increase of globalization as the knowledge of medical professionals has increased and the professionals have provided quality care to the people and ultimately cure global health problems.

In addition, there is another theory called constructivist globalization which states that the social world is constructed by specific symbols, images, or interpretations that determine the means through which they are adopted. social interaction and create social interaction with the rest of the world. world (Mingst, et al., 2018). It focuses on communication practices that can create power relationships in the process of globalization. Thus, in theory, social interactions can effectively contribute to public health, as people have easier access to health issues through the expression of ideas. These social interactions also allow for the transmission of relevant information ideas that can be assured for the benefit of the individual’s health.

As such, it is conceivable that public health has been improved through social constructivism in order to specifically serve the goals and welfare of the people (Haas, 2015). Globalization can ensure the transfer of relevant information that can make people more knowledgeable about different diseases, which can improve people’s efficiency to create understanding of concerns deals with global health and also addresses health concerns to help people stay healthy.

As globalization allows countries to interact and share useful information, it has given countries an advantage in spreading global awareness about health related issues and also getting the help of international welfare programs so that people understand various health problems. to improve significantly (Alâ Ansari, et al., 2016). The whole process of globalization affects health concerns. In particular, the social interactions that make up an individual’s culture and way of life have a positive impact on human health due to human socio-cultural interactions.

The constructivist theory of globalization and its impact on health

In particular, the government’s health-related policies have facilitated good health and the economic development of the country due to globalization. It also affects public health as partnerships with the private sector have developed knowledge and resources that can improve public health when partnerships are made to enhance skills. and the ability of those who can supplement health knowledge in relation to health concerns (Khoo, 2019). In addition, knowledge transfer through globalization education can empower people to social issues and thus make it easier for them to solve health problems.

In addition, another theory of globalization can be considered as the theory of postmodernism that allows the nation to continue to develop and strengthen universalism. After modernization, the theory of postmodernism elaborates that further development of the future can make the nation develop (Homer, 2018). This can be helpful in understanding that globalization can be a universalism and that a focus on pluralism can be helpful in addressing global health concerns. Due to globalization, people have become more advanced and also become very knowledgeable about the causes and effects of diseases and treatment plans, which can make people more conscious of public health. copper. As the theory focuses on future development, it can be seen that globalization can promote technology by creating a developed nation that addresses social concerns and also promotes medical association. economy (Cvetkovich, 2018). This can contribute to improving the quality of treatment for patients and solving global health problems. This can be seen from the fact that global health can be accessed through globalization technology that can provide communication and interaction services for everyone. Globalization can pose risks to the health of individuals and thus have a negative impact on health. Due to the proliferation of global problems that are harmful to the health of individuals, they can affect global health to a greater extent (Holm-Hadulla & Koutsoukou-Argyraki, 2015). The spread of tobacco and alcohol has brought significant health risks and often causes a variety of diseases. In addition, due to globalization, the rapidly increasing use of the Internet and communication tools has caused health problems for people who depend on Internet use, especially young people. There are many downsides to globalization leading to infectious and non-communicable diseases leading to emerging infectious diseases. In developing countries, non-communicable diseases are on the rise as globalization changes people’s lifestyles. Obesity, hypertension and diabetes are common diseases that can affect the health of the nation.

Globalization and related health policies

Furthermore, due to the emergence of postmodern globalization theory, it can be seen that the future development of the country has led to the rise of information technology and technical advances that make people People are increasingly addicted to online media, that’s the main reason. for growing problems (Homer, 2018). Due to new ways of doing business through the use of tools and techniques can reduce lifestyle related diseases that can affect people’s health. Due to globalization and the increase of future advancements, it has made people more dependent on the view of modernization, which can make people more confident about technology and internet usage, leading to several types of health problems and the international spread of many diseases. Moreover, due to the increase in infrastructure development, it has led to an increase in pollution, which adversely affects global health problems that make people sick. Globalization dependent on education level, socioeconomic status and location can lead to changes in population health determinants that can affect public health (Kooienga & Carryer) , 2015).

In addition, liberalization theory clearly states that globalization allows businesses to freely interact and trade freely, which can lead to health problems and especially affect women’s overall health as urbanization and migration have affected health due to change. employment model (Hanefeld, 2018). Since globalization has the main motive of privatization the organization can interact with health and occasional associations with international companies. In addition, depression is another important determinant that can be seen in people. As traders facilitate international trade in goods and financial investments, defaults on debts have led to increasingly common anxiety and depression, which can affect health problems and often lead to death.

Moreover, due to free trade in the international market with low prices for processed foods has led to a disease called obesity and seriously affects people’s health. This is understandable because globalization has encouraged import and export, in which free trade in food products has led to dangerous diseases affecting human health. In addition, because employment has been globalized to a greater extent, people traveling to other countries for work or on vacation have been reported to be responsible for infectious diseases (Wilson, et al., 2016). Due to globalization, it has led to an increase in the occurrence of diseases due to financial instability. In addition, the reduction of environmental concerns has resulted in the poor health of the nation leading to global health problems. Globalization has led to an increased use of international information that has been made possible through the use of information technology leading to the dissemination of irrelevant information that can lead to a reduction in patient outcomes.

Postmodern theory of globalization and its impact on health

Understanding tectonic theory, it can be noted that globalization can lead to an increase in social interactions, which in turn leads to the spread of infectious diseases (Mingst et al., 2018). . This can be seen from the fact that people traveling to other countries by transport run the risk of spreading diseases such as HIV/AIDS by dispersing to remote areas of the globe (Collins, 2015). In addition, social interactions have increased the tendency to negatively affect health, and constructivist behavior can lead to health problems when people are in conflict.

As globalization has facilitated the free trade of goods, it can be seen that pharmaceutical companies have encountered various problems due to the export of medical products. This includes the importation of drugs and alcohol that can cause health problems in humans and can cause various diseases (Hirst, et al., 2015). Globalization has greatly threatened human life and hence the prevalence of various diseases. Due to the spread of infectious diseases, people have been affected by product globalization. Information tends to spread easily causing epidemics due to communication systems and the high risk of pathogen transmission. The liberal application of globalization theory can be applied when recognizing the impact that information technology and business interactions can lead to the development of health problems for people.

Thus, it can be concluded that globalization can affect human health and at the same time it can cure global health problems. This can best be understood by applying the theories of globalization that underpin this information technology, free trade and the exchange of information that facilitate the necessary information that can be useful. benefits in the medical business. Furthermore, globalization can lead to an increase in health problems. This requires taking steps to make globalization fair. This requires effective leadership capable of solving various problems and harms health. In addition, businesses should allow for balanced trade, which can be helpful in balancing trade deficits and trade surpluses and can somehow reduce health problems caused by stability. sound financial decisions caused. The enforcement of rules for related industries related to food import and export can ensure food safety and can facilitate product quality, leading to a reduction in global health problems.

References

Al‐Ansari, B., Thow, A., Day, C. & Conigrave, K., 2016. Extent of alcohol prohibition in civil policy in Muslim majority countries: the impact of globalization. Addiction, 111(10), pp. 1703-1713.

Beck, U., 2018. What is globalization?. s.l.:John Wiley & Sons.

Collins, M., 2015. The Pros And Cons Of Globalization. [Online] Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/mikecollins/2015/05/06/the-pros-and-cons-of-globalization/#5711611dccce [Accessed 9 January 2020].

Cvetkovich, A., 2018. Articulating the global and the local: Globalization and cultural studies. s.l.:Routledge.

Forster, T., Kentikelenis, A., Stubbs, T. & King, L., 2019. Globalization and health equity: the impact of structural adjustment programs on developing countries. Social Science & Medicine, p. 112496.

Haas, P., 2015. Epistemic communities, constructivism, and international environmental politics. s.l.:Routledge.

Hanefeld, J., 2018. How does globalisation affect women’s health?. The Lancet Global Health, 6(1), p. e12–e13.

Hirst, P., Thompson, G. & Bromley, S., 2015. Globalization in question. s.l.:John Wiley & Sons.

Holm-Hadulla, R. & Koutsoukou-Argyraki, A., 2015. Mental health of students in a globalized world: Prevalence of complaints and disorders, methods and effectivity of counseling, structure of mental health services for students. Mental Health & Prevention, 3(1-2), pp. 1-4.

Homer, S., 2018. Fredric Jameson: Marxism, Hermeneutics, Postmodernism. s.l.:Routledge.

Hovden, E. & Keene, E., 2016. The globalization of liberalism. s.l.:Springer.

Khoo, Y., 2019. Ageing and Globalization. Journal of gerontological social work, 62(7), pp. 812-815.

Kooienga, S. & Carryer, J., 2015. Globalization and advancing primary health care nurse practitioner practice. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 11(8), pp. 804-811.

Mingst, K., McKibben, H. & Arreguin-Toft, I., 2018. Essentials of international relations. s.l.:WW Norton & Company.

Rinella, M. & Charlton, M., 2016. The globalization of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: prevalence and impact on world health. Hepatology, 64(1), pp. 19-22.

Soper, K. & Emmelin, M., 2016. Reconceptualizing prosperity: Some reflections on the impact of globalization on health and welfare. In: Sustainability and the Political Economy of Welfare. s.l.:Routledge., pp. 44-58.

Turner, B. & Holton, R., 2015. Theories of globalization: issues and origins. In: The Routledge international handbook of globalization studies. s.l.:Routledge, pp. 23-43.

Wilson, L. et al., 2016. Global health’and ‘global nursing’: Proposed definitions from The Global Advisory Panel on the Future of Nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72(7), pp. 1529-1540

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