The impact of mental health in indigenous populations and the proposed care management process

Racism and discrimination among indigenous peoples

Racism and discrimination among indigenous peoples is a very old problem and has adverse effects on the health of these people (Pollock et al., 2018). There have been several reports of racism, which can be seen as a major determinant of health inequalities faced by indigenous peoples. In 2014-2015, approximately 33% of Indigenous communities reported unfair treatment in their workplace (Nasir et al., 2018). Over the past two centuries, indigenous peoples have been exposed to a number of factors that can contribute to their poor mental health. This includes estrangement from their homeland, kinship and family ties that have isolated them, loss of homeland and culture, self-esteem, identity, security, and spiritual peace, resulting in A variety of mental health problems lead to depression (Kairuz et al., 2020). The main objective of this research report was to determine the impact of mental health disorders in Aboriginal people, and then to develop a sound and sound proposition for the care management process for this community, which can then be beneficial.

In addition to mental health problems, abuse and addiction, as well as violence, are life-threatening issues that affect the well-being of indigenous peoples. Mental health disorders and substance abuse have contributed to nearly 7.4% of Indigenous cases, and approximately 35% of years of good health have been removed from the no-nonsense statistics. global infection. In 2010, it was confirmed that the main category of diseases affecting human health is mental health disorders (Nelson & Wilson, 2017). Depression was the most common disorder leading to suicide, while anorexia nervosa was the least. It is recognized that the rate of mental health problems in indigenous communities is increasing at an alarming rate at a steady rate in different parts of the world, such as Denmark, Canada and Australia.

The literature indicates that Australia reports shorter life expectancy, social, economic and health indicators, as well as an increase in alcohol and drug abuse (Gopalkrishnan, 2018). In addition, indigenous peoples may not have access to adequate health services to address their mental health problems. Many organizations investigating mental health issues have reported on epistemology between Western and Indigenous populations, models of community development and intervention, strength vs. deficiencies in the community and top-down or bottom-up approaches (Calma, Dudgeon & Bray, 2017).

In a recent meta-analysis, it was found that there were no reported differences in the 12-month rates of depressive and anxiety disorders as well as panic attacks between Indigenous and non-Indigenous groups. (Williams, 2018). It is recognized that the prevalence of chronic mental disorders among Indigenous people is mainly the result of the effects of cultural colonization and genocide, which has resulted in a great deal of psychological suffering (Rickwood et al., 2019). It was colonization that disrupted the social and emotional well-being of individuals in diverse communities and cultures as well as families that had an intergenerational impact on mental health (Williams, Dingle, & Clift, 2018). Colonization, along with disruption of family, cultural and community life through expropriation and other violent acts such as forced removal of children from the family, has affected health. psyche of generations of Indigenous peoples. Today, the intergenerational trauma of Indigenous communities has received considerable attention.

The Impact of Mental Health Disorders and Substance Abuse

Through the initiation and implementation of this mental health management project, the following goals will be achieved:

Raise awareness of existing mental health issues in the Indigenous community through discussion of topics related to mental health and its promotion, such as suicide prevention. Develop interactive programs such as exchange of experiences among participating community groups; while validating mental and physical health training in the community

Dissemination of information and knowledge on various social media platforms and other web platforms. Through these transferable products, the mental health and well-being of Aboriginal community members can be assessed. This will improve the longevity of this community, with special attention throughout life. These products will also strengthen information systems as well as evidence and research, helping to address gaps and knowledge gaps that exist in society in the future. To develop and implement the project, a basic qualitative study will be carried out in which data collection will be carried out on the basis of a questionnaire distributed and interviews in the community. With the help of inclusion exclusion criteria, only a significant portion of the population will be selected as respondents with reliable answers. Samples must be able to understand what suggestions regarding mental health awareness are being made so that they can further spread awareness in the communities they are associated with. Total population size will be approximately 50 participants between the ages of 25 and 45. Persons over 50 years of age and with serious and complex mental disorders will be excluded from the group by inclusion-exclusion criteria . Participants’ responses will be analyzed to understand their preferences and reactions, which will further facilitate the development of policies and regulations for the health awareness project. mental health.

Every research project should be carried out according to certain ethical principles and keeping certain ethical considerations in mind so that the project can be carried out without any hindrance (Arifin, 2018). This project will be formulated taking into account the four pillars of ethics: merit and integrity, respect, interest and justice. This mental health awareness project will be credible because it is structured on data and evidence of desk research done over time. No participants will be coerced into participating in interviews and surveys, and it will be ensured that any participants will be respected due to the confidentiality of the information (Arifin, 2018). This project will be implemented taking into account the positive and negative impacts of the people as well as all the risks that may arise and the measures to deal with them. This project will aim to bring justice to indigenous communities with mental health disorders through an awareness project.

Stakeholder management is a systematic and ongoing process undertaken by a company to establish a positive and constructive relationship with its stakeholders so that they can mainstream their expectations. into corporate strategies and operations (Pedrini & Ferri, 2019). Stakeholders in this mental health awareness dissemination project are:

Who will be supported: These people will be people with acute or chronic mental health problems due to causes such as depression, addiction or violence and belong to indigenous communities. These are the most important stakeholders and plan to create a better life for these people. If the program is implemented effectively, members of the indigenous community will be able to lead a better and more peaceful life.

Inadequate access to appropriate health services

Other Stakeholders: Other stakeholders include nurses and mental health nurses, who can improve their performance through outreach to counseling recipients. The government is a stakeholder that funds a community to move the community forward in a positive way.

Stakeholders will be managed according to the detailed project plan [see Appendix A].
Here are some of the risks that may be associated with the implementation of the project:

  • Communication Risks: Effective and timely communication is a significant risk for any project. Lack of proper communication can distort the flow of a project and lead to its disruption (Rehacek, 2017). Setting up appropriate stakeholder meetings will help track changes in the project while reassigning tasks to foster a cohesive environment.
  • Cost Risk: The lack or mismanagement of project funds can be a result of the country’s changing economic conditions or inflated budgets and other constraints, posing a threat to complete the project. When the cost of the project exceeds the budget funds, the risk can be transferred to any other segment.
  • Market risk: Market risk may occur in this project when this project does not achieve the expected results. At such times, competitors can take unfair advantage to cripple the business while driving it out of the market. Risks can be managed through effective communication and the development of a contingency plan for implementation (Rehacek, 2017). The plan would neutralize and prevent any further damage to prevent further risk [See Appendix B].

The project requires the following resources:

  1. Human Resources
  2. Posters, images, statistics and graphics
  3. Tools, equipment and resource management software
  4. A financial resource such as a budget and capital.
    Time sources such as project plans, project schedules, and investment timelines.
  5. A total of about A$10,000 has been budgeted and this amount will be required to complete the project [See Appendix C].

Week 1
Week 2Week 3Week 4Week 5
Writing the thesis statement
Holding a meeting with stakeholders
Deciding upon the budget
Conducting literature search
Identifying objectives to be accomplished
Conducting surveys and questionnaires
Interpreting the results
Discussion with stakeholders on the outcome of the project
Identifying risks to the project and mitigating them.
Conducting awareness campaigns and programs in various communities
Figure: Gantt Chart

Source: Created by the learner

Conclusion

It can be concluded that the implementation of a robust and effective project plan may be necessary to raise awareness of mental health so that members of the Aboriginal community can overcome related problems. to their mental health. Project policies and procedures will be designed to provide the greatest benefit to program beneficiaries.

Reference List

Arifin, S. R. M. (2018). Ethical considerations in qualitative study. International Journal of Care Scholars, 1(2), 30-33. https://journals.iium.edu.my/ijcs/index.php/ijcs/article/download/82/27

Calma, T., Dudgeon, P., & Bray, A. (2017). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander social and emotional wellbeing and mental health. Australian Psychologist, 52(4), 255-260. doi:10.1111/ap.12299

Gopalkrishnan, N. (2018). Cultural diversity and mental health: Considerations for policy and practice. Frontiers in public health, 6, 179. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2018.00179/full

Kairuz, C. A., Casanelia, L. M., Bennett-Brook, K., Coombes, J., & Yadav, U. N. (2020). Impact of racism and discrimination on the physical and mental health among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples living in Australia: a protocol for a scoping review. Systematic reviews, 9(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-020-01480-w

Nasir, B. F., Toombs, M. R., Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan, S., Kisely, S., Gill, N. S., Black, E., … & Nicholson, G. C. (2018). Common mental disorders among Indigenous people living in regional, remote and metropolitan Australia: a cross-sectional study. BMJ open, 8(6), e020196. https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/8/6/e020196

Nelson, S. E., & Wilson, K. (2017). The mental health of Indigenous peoples in Canada: A critical review of research. Social Science & Medicine, 176, 93-112. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S027795361730028X

Pedrini, M., & Ferri, L. M. (2019). Stakeholder management: a systematic literature review. Corporate Governance: The International Journal of Business in Society. https://dx.doi.org/10.1108/CG-08-2017-0172

Pollock, N. J., Naicker, K., Loro, A., Mulay, S., & Colman, I. (2018). The global incidence of suicide among Indigenous peoples: a systematic review. BMC medicine, 16(1), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-018-1115-6

Rehacek, P. (2017). Risk management standards for project management. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 4(6), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.21833/ijaas.2017.06.001

Rickwood, D., Paraskakis, M., Quin, D., Hobbs, N., Ryall, V., Trethowan, J., & McGorry, P. (2019). Australia’s innovation in youth mental health care: the headspace center model. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 13(1), 159-166. DOI: 10.1111/eip.12740.

Williams, D. R. (2018). Stress and the mental health of populations of color: Advancing our understanding of race-related stressors. Journal of health and social behavior, 59(4), 466-485. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177%2F0022146518814251

Williams, E., Dingle, G. A., & Clift, S. (2018). A systematic review of mental health and wellbeing outcomes of group singing for adults with a mental health condition. European journal of public health, 28(6), 1035-1042. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky115

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